NCTC’s legal mission (Security Laws Amendment Act 2014) is to ‘be responsible for the co-ordination of national counter-terrorism efforts in order to detect, deter and disrupt terrorism acts.’ It achieves this mission by strengthening and connecting security, governmental and non-governmental networks and frameworks that deliver strong counter terrorism in Kenya.
- Respect for civil liberties
- Ethics and integrity
- Team spirit
Tuwe Tayari Kuilinda Kenya
ABOUT the National Counter Terrorism Centre
The NCTC is a multi-agency instrument for the coordination of counter terrorism efforts located in the Executive Office of the President. It is staffed by experienced officers from the ministries, departments and agencies that are leading national counter terrorism efforts. Its primary focus is on aligning operational needs with Kenya’s national strategies and policies; being a proactive actor in identifying gaps in CT, and delivering solutions; rallying public support and engagement; deploying effective counter radicalisation efforts; providing training and expertise; building a strong preventive pillar for Kenya’s counter terrorism strategy; and being a national focal point for bilateral and multilateral collaboration in CT.
STRUCTURE AND STAFFING
According to the Security Laws Amendment Act 2014, the Centre shall consist of offices from the following organisations— (a) the Director appointed by the National Security Council; (b) the National Intelligence Service; (c) the Kenya Defence Forces; (d) the National Police Service; and (e) such other agencies as may be determined by the National Security Council (other agencies have been attached to the Centre.) The members of the Centre specified under subsection (2) shall be seconded to the Centre for a period of three years. (4)The Director shall be responsible for the management and implementation of the functions of the Centre.
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE PUBLIC AND GOVERNMENT BODIES
According to SLAA 2014, 40C: (1) The Centre may request any person or government body for any information relating to terrorism. (2) Members of the public have a responsibility to furnish the Centre with any information relating to terrorism which is within their knowledge.
PREVENTION OF TERRORISM
The prevention of terrorism is a major pillar in Kenya’s counter terrorism strategy and effort. A large amount of this effort is encompassed by the National Strategy to Counter Violent Extremism which is coordinated by the NCTC.
The National Counter Terrorism Centre history
The National Counter Terrorism Centre was established in 2004 by a decision of the Cabinet. Its creation responded to the development of a national counter terrorism strategy in April 2003 — reflecting the concern of the national leadership about the sharp escalation of the terrorist threat to Kenya.
The NCTC was conceived and launched as a multi-agency initiative to allow it to effectively coordinate counter terrorism work, and serve as a national CT focal point for engagement with foreign partners. From its start, it was an organ of the National Security Advisory Committee (NSAC) under the Office of the President, with the original stakeholders:
The Kenya Armed Forces, National Security Intelligence Service, Kenya Police, Provincial Administration, Ministry Of Foreign Affairs, Immigration Department, Kenya Revenue Authority, Kenya Ports Authority, Kenya Airports Authority, Office Of The Attorney General.
The Security Laws Amendment Act (2014) gave NCTC a legal coordinating mandate for counter terrorism, public engagement on CT issues; designing and coordinating national counter- and de-radicalisation strategies; training and capacity building; and some responsibilities in aviation security.
Its Director is now nominated by the National Security Council, which is chaired by H.E. the President. The NSC further has a role in deciding the additional bodies that constitute the centre through attaching their officers to it.